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Generate multilingual sitemaps
A sitemap is a file where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your site, and the relationships between them. Search engines like Google read this file frequently for a faster website crawl. In multilingual website, sitemaps are really important because if you add like 10 language of a website that have 5000 pages indexed, that would be 50K pages to index!
To be more efficient and focus on important pages, sitemaps are required in the first place. Usually, if you’re using a CMS, you can find a tool that will help with XML sitemap generation. WP Meta SEO or Google XML Sitemaps for WordPress are one of them.
Once your sitemap has been generated, now it’s time to generate your multilingual sitemaps by language. For that purpose we will use the language tag in the URL. If your sitemap is https://www.domain.com/sitemap.xml and you want the french sitemap, add the language tag like that: https://www.domain.com/fr/sitemap.xml
Submit multilingual sitemaps
Use the Sitemaps tool to tell Google about any new sitemaps for your property and to see any errors that Google encountered when parsing your submitted sitemaps. Just the main sitemap URL with the language tag.
A success tag will applied if the sitemap is properly read by your search engine crawler. After a week or so you should have a graph icon under the Discovered URLs column that indicated your that your URLs are indexed.